Ensuring a good quality of writing, narration and editing in combination with each other is an essential prerequisite for improving the ideological and artistic standard of radio broadcasting.
The great leader Comrade
"These articles should be delivered artistically and the recording edited well. The art of speech and of editing recordings can be called creative work, and it has an important bearing on ensuring the ideological and artistic qualities of broadcasts."
All the programmes for radio broadcasting go through the processes of writing, narration and record editing before they are completed.
Writing, narration and record editing, the successive stages, are the three major components of radio broadcasting which are closely related to each other, while keeping their relative independence.
That is why improving their quality is an important factor which guarantees the ideological and artistic level of radio broadcasting.
First of all, it provides a fundamental guarantee for sustaining the characteristics of radio broadcasting.
Radio broadcasting propagates information by means of sound, a feature which makes it different from other forms of mass media. The journalists' writings should be depicted in speech by announcers and also processed by record editors to sound appealing to listeners. For this reason, improving the quality of writing, narration and record editing is important in radio broadcasting.
Second, it ensures the overall improvement in the level of broadcasting programmes.
The processes of writing, narration and record editing require active and creative cooperation, collective wisdom and inquiry of journalists, announcers and editors.
In the course of writing, journalists have to consider the ideological content, as well as the ways of sustaining the features of different types of the broadcasting programmes in which recording, music and sound effects are combined.
Announcers and record editors have active discussions with journalists to fully deliver the intentions and the thematic and ideological requirements of the programme.
As a result, the organic combination of writing, narration and record editing requires collective wisdom and cooperation of the creative team at each stage in order to raise the quality of the programme as a whole.
Then, what is important in raising the ideological and artistic quality of radio broadcasting?
Firstly, the article should be well written.
Writing is the basis of radio broadcasting and a fundamental element determining the ideological and artistic level of a broadcasting programme.
It defines the thematic and ideological content and form of the programme and provides an ideological and artistic prerequisite for broadcasting.
Radio journalists should make their articles concise and vivid, strong in appeal and militancy and suitable for various forms and methods of editing in keeping with intrinsic requirements of broadcasting.
Next, announcers should have a high level of delivery.
The might of broadcasting depends on how journalists write and how announcers speak. In other words, broadcasting can be powerful only when they play their role with credit.
All writings are broadcast through announcers' speech. They are meaningless apart from speech. The quality of the programme depends on announcers' speaking ability.
When announcers vividly reflect the ideological feelings of the writings in their speech and depict them well in an artistic way, the ideological and artistic qualities of the broadcasting programmes can be fully ensured.
Record editing is also important.
It plays an important role in transmitting the idea and content of the writings to the audience.
In broadcasting, record editing should be done on a high level, as well as writing and speech.
Record editing means making a complete programme by ideologically, artistically and technically connecting or composing announcers' speeches, recorded talks, music and sound effects in line with the thematic and ideological requirements of the journalists' writings.
Record editing may be said to be the key in the whole chain of radio broadcasting.
First, it is a creative process in which the main stress is put on artistic depiction for accentuating the content of the programme.
Record editing is not a simple technical process of merely joining and combining recorded materials.
It accentuates the content of the programme by using recorded talks, music and sound effects and ensures its ideological and artistic flow through emotional fluctuation. According to record editing a writing may be represented in an appealing or complicated manner.
For this reason, doing record editing well by making the most of the programme's depictive possibility is an important method of creating a good programme that touches people's heartstrings.
Apart from exceptional cases, such as direct reporting or live broadcasting, all broadcasting programmes go through record editing, so the general ideological and artistic level of the programmes depends on its efficiency.
Also, it is a protective process to avoid errors and ensure safety of the broadcasting.
In this process, not only the contents of the writings but also the announcers' speeches, and the contents, forms and technical quality of recorded talks, music and sound effects are all reexamined. So the safety of broadcasting can be ensured through amending and supplementing beforehand.
For effective record editing priority should be given to the thematic and ideological content of the manuscript and the intention of the writer.
On the basis of the manuscript, the record editor should take an inquiring and creative stand to reflect its thematic and ideological requirements, and make effort to accord its ideological feelings with the announcer's speech and to incorporate all the recorded materials into the thematic idea of the manuscript.
The record editor should work from a subjective point of view by altering the contents of the manuscript contrary to the intention of the journalist or changing the order of the materials freely on the pretext of displaying his or her creativity. Discussions with the writer are indispensable.
The artistic and three-dimensional qualities of record editing should be ensured on a high level.
This is a crucial guarantee for enhancing the vividness and emotional influence of the broadcasting programme.
Here, music and sound effects, the essential means for depiction, should be given importance. Without them is it impossible to reflected the vivid reality in the broadcasting programme and enhance its artistic qualities and informative effects.
Music and sound effects contribute to portraying the reality in a concrete way and accentuating the ideological content of the writings emotionally.
In record editing, editors should combine in an artistic way the recorded talks, music, local noise and other sound effects so that they can represent the local circumstances and environment in a lifelike manner. Then they can ensure the vividness and truthfulness of broadcasting and raise its ideological and artistic level.
In order to ensure the artistic and three-dimensional qualities of the broadcasting programme record editors should make good preparations.
Then they can draw up effective plans in accordance with the contents of the manuscripts and their thematic and ideological requirements, and do their work promptly and creditably however hard their task may be.
They should pay due concern to having a deep understanding of the seed of the writing, its thematic and ideological content, and the writer's intention. This will make him sympathize with the manuscript's content and have a creative motive for making an excellent programme.
They should also listen to all the recorded talks, music and sound effects and grasp their contents and technical specifications. This will make it possible to combine in a rational way the speech of the announcer and the recorded materials and thus enhance the artistic qualities of the programme.
They should study the manuscript and recorded materials and then work out an effective plan by reflecting the order of recorded materials, methods of editing, ways of processing sound effects and interaction with the announcer. Then they can do editing purposefully and in a planned way, and prevent any possible deviations and ensure high quality of the programme.
As explained above, record editing is essential to radio broadcasting and ensuring its ideological and artistic qualities, as well as its safety.
Thus, only when writing, speech and record editing are combined in a harmonious way is it possible to sustain the characteristics of radio broadcasting as an information-transmitting medium and ensure its ideological and artistic qualities.