With respect even to the names of places in our country


In the whole course of leadership of revolution, the great leader Comrade Kim Il Sung ensured that a vigorous struggle was waged to overcome the hangovers of old ideas, including flunkeyism and dogmatism, which had been poisoning the consciousness of national independence of our people in all spheres of social life, and firmly establish Juche and give full play to national pride.

The great leader Comrade Kim Il Sung said:

"By working hard to establish Juche in our ideology we have brought about the complete emancipation of our people from the shackles of flunkeyism, dogmatism and other archaic notions which had long been corroding our spirit of national independence."

The undying feats of the great leader Comrade Kim Il Sung who made sure that Juche was thoroughly established in all sectors of social life and national pride was brought into full play, are permeated into the names of places widely used by the Korean people at present.

In the past, many places were named by the foreign aggressors as they would like to, and in the period of the Feudal Joson Dynasty, the ruling circles named the places in order to flatter the big countries and their kings that they had worshipped so hard.

Regarding this as lack of national pride, the heart of the great leader Comrade Kim Il Sung bled for it more than anything else. When he came to a place named in exotic way on his on-the-spot guidance, he investigated himself the origin of it and named it in the Korean style. When the name of the administrative district was a product of the foreign aggression or fouls our peculiar national emotion, he abolished it immediately and renamed it in our style to meet our people's modern aesthetic sense.

The great leader Comrade Kim Il Sung corrected the local name of Aoji-ri, Undok County, in the northern part of the country, so as to wipe out the hangovers of old ideas which had persisted for a long time.

Undok County had long been called "Kyonghung County". This had been called so because the Japanese imperialists had wished their "great cause" to expand their areas along the Tuman River Boundary more successfully to realize their ambition to invade the continent.

In September, Juche 66 (1977), the great leader Comrade Kim Il Sung renamed Kyonghung County Undok County.

In May, Juche 70 (1981), on his field guidance, he visited Aoji-ri, Undok County at that time.

The great leader Comrade Kim Il Sung paid close attention to the local name of Aoji and asked the officials accompanying him about the origin of its name. But none of them knew exactly what the local name Aoji meant and from when it had been used.

The great leader Comrade Kim Il Sung said that the officials should be well aware of the origin of the place wherever they came from, and instructed that it would be a good idea to inquire about it through the History Institute of the Academy of Social Sciences because the name of Aoji didn't seem pure Korean.

The great leader Comrade Kim Il Sung convened a consultative meeting of officials of a factory and construction company in the township that afternoon without having time to recover from his added fatigue from the long-distance field guidance.

Prior to the meeting, the great leader Comrade Kim Il Sung asked an official who had lived in the area from long ago about the origin of the local name called Aoji.

When he faltered without reply, another official answered that in the old days the place was too hard to live in, so they told the other day laborers who came for mining coal not to come there, and the name was permanently perpetuated "Aoji" that meant "not to come" in the local language.

Listening to him, the great leader Comrade Kim Il Sung said that before the liberation of Korea the miners were forced to crawl in the narrow pit to do primitive labor under the whip of the foremen. He continued to say that the miners called it that way to represent their feelings of hardship in the Korean Language as they would like to. He said that, in fact, it had already been called that way even before the ruling times of Feudal Joson Dynasty.

At that time, an official who had been assigned personally by the great leader Comrade Kim Il Sung to investigate the name "Aoji", came into the room where the meeting was held to report to him.

As expected by the great leader Comrade Kim Il Sung, the word "Aoji" came from the language of the Jurchen language, meaning "black gold" or "burning stone".

Informing the participants of this meeting of this result, he instructed that the names given by the foreign invaders could not be called as they had been used.

The great leader Comrade Kim Il Sung instructed that the name of the place "Juul" located in North Hamgyong Province, also came from the language of the Jurchen language meaning "hot water" and should be changed into the original Korean language.

Saying that "Aoji-ri", "Aoji Station", "Aoji Coal Mine", "Aoji Chemical Plant" and all other names of Aoji should be revised into our own language, he instructed that the name of the administrative district like Aojiri would be good to rename after the revolutionaries who took part in the anti-Japanese revolution and passed away during the Japanese imperialist rule.

That day, the meeting decided to rename the coal mine and the chemical factory the June 13 Coal Mine and the July 7 Chemical Plant, reflecting the unanimous desire of the people to glorify the immortal leadership exploits of the great leader Comrade Kim Il Sung forever.

Considering their earnest desire to rename the local name of the area where they lived, the great leader Comrade Kim Il Sung gave loving care and solicitude to call it Haksongri after Kim Hak Song who passed away in small-unit activities in this area during the anti-Japanese armed struggle a few days later. He also renamed Juul Kyongsong and Juul Hot Spring Kyongsong Hot Spring.

Thanks to the teachings of the great leader Comrade Kim Il Sung, a large number of geographical names created by the foreign aggressors have been renewed in our country in keeping with modern aesthetic sense after discarding the old remnants.

Unggi County, North Hamgyong Province, which had been called Unggi in the Jurchen language, was renamed then Sonbong County. Oro country in South Hamgyong Province was also renamed Yonggwang County, Arongsong-ri, Tongsin County, Jagang Province Yaksu-ri and Myongsin-dong, Sinam District, Chongjin City Haean-dong.

The great leader Comrade Kim Il Sung saw to it that the names created by the feudal rulers worshipping the king were renamed to meet the thoughts and feelings of the Korean people and the present reality.

Giving field guidance to South Hamgyong Province, the great leader Comrade Kim Il Sung instructed that Pongung was the name of the old house of Ri Song Gye and that Ryongmu-dong in Sinpho City was a village where Ri Song Gye had been engaged in archery training, and that all the names related to Ri Song Gye should be changed in the future.

The great leader Comrade Kim Il Sung said that Panryong district or Panryong-dong in Hamhung had been called like that because it had Mt. Panryong which was named after Ri Song Gye compared with dragon. He taught them to rename Mt. Panryong Mt. Tonghung, Panryong district Tonghungsan district and Panryong-dong Tonghungsan-dong in the sense that Hamhung in the east of our country is a thriving city,.

The great leader said that Kumya County in South Hamgyong Province had been named Yonghung County originally in the sense that it would rise permanently because Ri Song Gye had been born there, but it should be renamed Kumya County in the sense that it is a county with a big field over which roll the golden waves of rice.

Thanks to the wise teachings of the great leader Comrade Kim Il Sung, all the names of the places imbued with flunkeyism and humiliation was eradicated everywhere from the northernmost tip to the village near the Demarcation Line and new proud names of Juche era came to shine brilliantly.